If were not for the superpowers of Spain, Portugal, England, France, and the Netherlands, the world as we know it would not exist.
Leading the way in the exploration of the world was the nation of Spain with a man named Christopher Columbus.
Soon, Hernan Cortez had conquered Mexico and the Aztecs, while Francisco Pizarro conquered Peru and the Incans.
The Spanish armory was far greater then that of the Indians, but these explorers had another weapon far more superior.
The weapon they had was known as disease, which included the Small Pox and measles. The vague differences between the two were almost unnoticeable and were often overlooked.
Their prize for accomplishing their goal was the vast wealth of the societies and the large quantities of gold and silver that their lands held. Their Caribbean strongholds did stay independent though, and the Dutch joined in the slave trade to promote the sugar cane trade.
Many explorers were seeking gold or the fabled Northwest Passage, but instead made scientific and geographic discoveries that transformed human knowledge.
Although these were motivations for explorers, the impact from the discoveries resulted in significant changes and They also encountered the Americas as well, They took the same stance as the Spanish towards the Natives and were very cruel to them.
As is well known, he instead led the way to the discovery of North and South America.
Balboa crossed Panama and discovered the Pacific Ocean in 1513, while Ferdinand Magellan's expedition (1519-1522) became the first to circumnavigate the globe.