History has shaped human conscience and thus, after the Holocaust, following the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, human conscience has been completely reshaped.
Thus conscience becomes a fundamental category of humanism, because it was shaped in interpersonal relations, and therefore morality must also be relational (p. Therefore, a person functioning in society becomes a moral being, and consequently the author answers the question of whether morality is innate, or is the result of the influence of society. It is difficult to agree with the author's premise that we are living in an age of moral relativism, which is a consequence of the dominance of ethical naturalism.
On every billboard, magazine, and commercial citizens are reminded that they are not as physically attractive as they could be and there is a solutions to their problem.
In his analysis of beauty, Kant states that beauty is morality.
In the introduction, Vasil Gluchman stressed, that no ethical theories can be formulated which can be applied eternally.
Each age is characterized by its particular morality, and hence ethics must constantly adapt to existing realities.
According to Howard Ducharme the watershed between these two stances in ethics is Thomas Hobbes' philosophical system.
The author carries out a critical assessment of ethical tradition which Hobbes' philosophy embodies, and ultimately advocates for a certain form of personalism, which should restore the cognition of ethical values to its rightful place, and hence protect the whole doctrine from the pernicious influence of ethical antirealism "And not to forget, objective ethical truth telling saves science from the doom of ethical antirealism." (p. Mark Piper from the James Madison University devotes his essay to the issues of acceptance and respect for human rights.
On this occasion the author analyses how respect for human dignity and autonomy is justified in the ethical tradition.
His reasoning is carried out on the basis of Immanuel Kant's commonly accepted philosophy.