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Sri Lankan people seem to have been in contact with Tamil speakers from southern India since at least the second century BCE, but migrations of significant numbers of Tamils to the island appear to have taken place later, between the seventh and 11th centuries CE.In 1815, the population of Ceylon numbered about three million predominantly Buddhist Sinhalese and 300,000 mostly Hindu Tamils.
Over the next few months, the Confederate forces surrendered in different parts of the country.
In course of the war, President Lincoln, under his capacity of being the Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy, had issued the Emancipation Proclamation which declared the freedom of all slaves.
While the main reason for the outbreak of this war, i.e., slavery, was abolished, the war did leave some blots on the American history.
As many as 1,030,000 people lost their lives in this war, among which 620,000 were soldiers.
In a brave attempt, the Southern states decided to secede from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America under the leadership of Jefferson Davis.
When the first seven states declared the secession on March 4, 1861, the Federal government questioned its legality and labeled it a rebellion, which prompted four more states to join them.While the economy of the Northern states was driven by industries, the same was driven by agriculture in the Southern states.The Southern states were in favor of slavery, as they needed slaves to work as laborers on their fields.As many as 3.5 million blacks were freed from the clutches of slavery during the Civil War.The reconstruction phase, which had begun during the war itself, came to an end in 1877.The gruesomeness of this war is aptly highlighted by the fact that the death toll of this war exceeds the death toll of all the other wars of United States put together.In the late 20th century, the island nation of Sri Lanka tore itself apart in a brutal civil war.The war started on April 12, 1861, and came to an end on April 9, 1865, thus lasting for four years and resulting in heavy loss of life and property.Causes for the outbreak of Civil War existed in plenty and one of the most prominent among them was the prevalence of slavery in the United States during this period.The British established huge cash crop plantations on the island, first of coffee, and later of rubber and tea.Colonial officials brought in approximately a million Tamil speakers from India to work as plantation laborers.