Sophocles 497/ 406 BC was the author of “Oedipus Rex”, the tragedy we´ll analyse in this post.
He wrote 120 plays during the course of his life, but only seven have survived in a complete form. Each of the plays relates to the tale of the mythological Oedipus, who killed his father and married his mother without knowledge that they were his parents.
The Oracle ignored this question, cryptically telling him instead that he was destined to “Mate with his own mother, and shed/With his own hands the blood of his own sire”.
Desperate to avoid this, Oedipus left Corinth in the belief that Polybus and Merope were indeed his true parents and that, once away from them, he would never harm them.
The servant took the child and gave him to a shepherd, who named him.
He asked the Delphic Oracle who his parents really were.On the road to Thebes, he met Laius, his true father, with several other men.Unaware of each other’s identities, Laius and Oedipus gave the proper answer: man, who crawls on all fours in infancy, walks on two feet when grown, and leans on a staff in old age.Oedipus and Jocasta had four children: _______________________________________________________________ The entire action of the play is set in the city of Thebes, which is in the grip of a deadly plague.Oedipus has already sent his brother-in-law, resulting from the murder of the former king, Laius, to be the cause of the plague and that the cause of it (i.e.Antigone decides to bury his body and face the consequences of her actions. Eventually, Creon is convinced to free Antigone from her punishment, but his decision comes too late and Antigone commits suicide. Having Laius learned from an oracle that “he was doomed to perish by the hand of his own son”, he ordered Jocasta to kill the child.Her suicide triggers the suicide of two others close to King Creon: his son, ______________________________________________________________ Many elements of “Oedipus Rex” (which was first performed in 430 BC), take place before the opening scene of the play. Jocasta couldn´t do that by herself so she asked a servant to commit the act.It will evoke pity and fear in its viewers, causing the viewers to experience a feeling of .He must be “better than we are,” a man who is superior to the average man in some way.When tells Oedipus the story of Laius’s murder, her mention of the specific location at which he was killed makes Oedipus suspicious that he might have been the killer.As the investigations into Laius’ murder proceed, the fact that a sole witness is alive comes to light.