Critical Thinking Principles

Critical Thinking Principles-11
Critical thinking is mainly about correct thinking.

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This implies a certain courageous exploratory attitude and curiosity in one's character. The simple answer is that new ideas are actually old ones rearranged in a new way.

So there is a sense in which it is true that "there is nothing new under the sun." This applies not just to the creation of concepts or theories but also the launching of new fashion or cultural trends. Roughly speaking, ideas are usually composed of diffrent elements, and we look for new combination of ideas by joining different ideas together, deleting some elements, or replacing some elements by other ones. This idea is of course the combination of the idea of wireless information transmission and the idea of a telephone.

Forty-five years after Bloom’s Taxonomy was published, Anderson and Krathwohl (2001) revised it to add a “metacognitive knowledge” category and to make it easier for teachers to design instruction that requires critical thinking. In fact, since Socrates, philosophers throughout history such as Plato, Francis Bacon, Rene Descartes, William Graham Sumner, and John Dewey have emphasized the need for students to think critically about their world. Assess the veracity of the information they come in contact with. In other words, they must think critically throughout the process as they develop other learning skills.

Excellent resources for using the revised taxonomy are available from teachthought at and many other sources on the Web, including Pinterest (e.g., the poster at https:// More specifically, scholars note that critical thinking is one foundation for learning, in part because all of the learning skills are interdependent and, as Paul (2004a) points out, “everything essential to education supports everything else essential to education” (p. For example, as students consider how to decide whether they can believe everything they read on the Internet, they use a variety of skills to Understand basic content. It is also clear that critical thinking is used in all areas of life as we learn and experience.

We need to make use of our creativity whether we are thinking about how to earn more money or how to make our our loved ones happier.

Critical Thinking Principles

Many people also seem to think that creativity is a matter of waiting for inspirations.While it is true that there is no special algorithm for creativity, there are thinking skills that can be taught and things one can do to enhance one's creativity.But to begin with, we need to understand these three basic principles that underlie creativity.So creativity does not come from a vacuum or sheer determination.We have to start by absorbing lots and lots of ideas before we can come up with one ourselves.For example, Stupple, et al (2017) note that critical thinking skills test scores correlate positively with college GPA.Although this is not a causal relationship (in other words, the research does not show that effective critical thinking causes a high GPA), there appears to be something about students who can think critically that helps them succeed in college.This is why intellectual curiosity and a wide knowledge base can significantly enhance one's creativity - one has in one's possession more concepts, theories and experience to choose from.This is also why it can be useful to try to solve a problem by consulting other people with different expertise.A person who cannot think critically, cannot make rational choices. Critical thinking is part of a group of cognitive abilities and personal characteristics called higher order thinking skills (HOTS).And, those without the ability to make rational choices should not be allowed to run free, for being irresponsible, they could easily be a danger to themselves and to the rest of us” (p. That sentiment is even more applicable in the age of the Internet and world unrest as humans prepare for an unknown future. These skills also include creative thinking (chapter 5) and problem solving (chapter 6).

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