Defence Essay Dramatick Poesie

Defence Essay Dramatick Poesie-89
Dryden prescriptive in nature, defines dramatic art as an imitation with the aim to delight and to teach, and is considered a just and lively image of human nature representing its passions and humors for the delight and instruction of mankind. "An Essay of Dramatic Poesy by John Dryden: An Overview." Bachelorand Master, 25 Jan.

Dryden prescriptive in nature, defines dramatic art as an imitation with the aim to delight and to teach, and is considered a just and lively image of human nature representing its passions and humors for the delight and instruction of mankind. "An Essay of Dramatic Poesy by John Dryden: An Overview." Bachelorand Master, 25 Jan. Dryden emphasizes the idea of decorum in the work of art. " Neander respond to the objections against rhyme by admitting that "verse so tedious" is inappropriate to drama (and to anything else).

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Dryden wrote this essay as a dramatic dialogue with four characters Eugenius, Crites, Lisideius and Neander representing four critical positions.

These four critical positions deal with five issues.

Giles, and there gave him leisure to complete the Paradise Lost, obliged Dryden also the theatres being closed to pass eighteen months in the country, 'probably at Charlton in Wiltshire,' says Malone, where he turned his leisure to so good an account as, besides writing the * Annus Mirabilis/ to compose in the following Essay the first piece of good modern English prose on which our literature can pride itself.

IT is interesting to note that the same cause the great plague of 1665 which drove Milton from London to the Buckinghamshire village of Chalfont St.

Lisideius argues that French drama is superior to English drama, basing this opinion of the French writer's close adherence to the classical separation of comedy and tragedy.

For Lisideius "no theater in the world has anything so absurd as the English tragicomedy; in two hours and a half, we run through all the fits of Bedlam." Neander favors the moderns, but does not disparage the ancients.Nevertheless his original contention, however under the pressure of dejection, and the sense perhaps of flagging powers, he may afterwards have been willing to abandon it, cannot be lightly set aside as either weak or unimportant; a point on which I shall have something to say presently. In connexion with it the speaker deals with the fourth point, assuming without proof that regard to the unities of Time and JPlace, inasmuch as it tends to heighten tjip illusion of reality, must placejthe authors who pay it above those w Eo~negkct it. Five critical questions are handled in the Essay, viz. \Eugenius J(Lord Buckhurst) answers him, pointing out the narrow range of the Greek drama, and several defects which its greatest admirers cannot deny. Neander asserts that "we have invented, increased, -and perfected a more pleasant way of writing for the stage . Neander extends his criticism of French drama - into his reasoning for his preference for Shakespeare over Ben Jonson. which is nearest prose" as a justification for banishing rhyme, from drama in favor of blank verse (unrhymed iambic pentameter).Shakespeare "had the largest and most comprehensive soul," while Jonson was "the most learned and judicious writer which any theater ever had." Ultimately, Neander prefers Shakespeare for his greater scope, his greater faithfulness to life, as compared to Jonson's relatively small scope and Freneh/Classical tendency to deal in "the beauties of a statue, but not of a Man." Crites objects to rhyme in plays: "since no man without premeditation speaks in rhyme, neither ought he to do it on the stage." He cites Aristotle as saying that it is, "best to write tragedy in that kind of verse . Even though blank verse lines are no more spontaneous than are rhymed lines, they are still to be preferred because they are "nearest nature": "Rhyme is incapable of expressing the greatest thought naturally, and the lowest it cannot with any grace: for what is more unbefitting the majesty of verse, than to call a servant, or bid a door be shut in rhyme?An Essay of Dramatic Poesy gives an explicit account of neo-classical theory of art in general.Dryden is a neoclassic critic, and as such he deals in his criticism with issues of form and morality in drama.Eugenius (whose name may mean "well born") favors the moderns over the ancients, arguing that the moderns exceed the ancients because of having learned and profited from their example.Crites argues in favor of the ancients: they established the unities; dramatic rules were spelled out by Aristotle which the current-and esteemed-French playwrights follow; and Ben Jonson-the greatest English playwright, according to Crites-followed the ancients' example by adhering to the unities.In the enforced leisure which his residence at Charlton during the plague brought him, he thought over the whole sub ject, and this Essay of Dramatic Poesy was the result. In the course of time Dryden modified more or less the judgment in favour of rhyme which he had given in the Essay.

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