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In a quantitative study, a survey instrument that is researcher designed needs a pilot study to validate the effectiveness of the instrument, and the value of the questions to elicit the right information to answer the primary research questions in.
If the instrument is researcher created, the process used to select the questions should be described and justified.
If an existing instrument is used, the background of the instrument is described including who originated it and what measures were used to validate it.
Sample size is based on the total number of potential participants.
The required sample size should be determined through a power analysis.
The plan for analyzing data in a research study.– In a quantitative research study, the data-analysis plan provides details on statistical procedures.– In a qualitative research study, the data-analysis plan provides information about the method you will use (e.g.
grounded theory, thematic analysis, or other) and details on coding procedures.Spell out the independent and dependent, variables.An unfortunate trend in some institutions is to repeat the research questions and/or hypotheses in both Chapter 1 and Chapter 3, a needless redundancy.Describe the tool(s) you will use to collect data in a research study such as a test, survey, observation protocol, or questionnaire.Explain how you will go about the data collection (including requesting participation, actual data collection, and how you will store the data you collect).Specify that the research for the dissertation is experimental, quasi-experimental, correlational, causal-comparative, quantitative, qualitative, mixed methods, or another design. The designated approach should be defended by contrasting and comparing it with alternate methods and rejecting those that do not meet the needs of the study.This section should not be a textbook description of various research designs, but a focused effort to match a rational research design with the purpose of the study. A scientific study has variable, which are sometimes mentioned in Chapter 1 and defined in more depth in Chapter 3.Quantitative examples: experimental, cross-sectional, comparative, longitudinal, case study Describe the site of your research, in terms specific enough for the reader to understand the context (but likely not specific enough to identify the institution/s).Articulate why the site is the best one to select for your research. Generally you’ll want to indicate the number of participants and how you selected them, and will likely want to indicate demographic characteristics as well as any characteristics that are distinctive and important to your study.A research design is used to structure the research and to show how all of the major parts of the research project, including the sample, measures, and methods of assignment, work together to address the central research questions in the study.The chapter should begin with a paragraph reiterating the purpose of the study.