Key themes provide a natural structuring principle in a literature review, as do categories based on relevance to research questions, academic position, theoretical paradigm, chronology, and so on.Categorising reviewed material into ‘for’ and ‘against’ classes for certain controversies is one useful way to present findings.
Moreover, if you find that the literature available is too sparse, or conversely, insurmountable; it is worth reconsidering your research questions to develop a more constrained focus on the topic at hand.
Do not begin analysing the literature before clarifying in your own mind the research questions that will guide your dissertation.
Beyond the identification of key themes and issues, it will be necessary to reach certain findings in light of your analysis of the relevant literature.
Try to draw working conclusions about the current balance of opinion concerning certain controversies, suggest what you believe to be the emergent or future trends in the field, identify deficiencies in current knowledge and relate your own position to that of others.
Relate only the directly relevant content, and spend as much time analysing the comparative significance of various sources for your own purposes.
It will be necessary to identify, draw out, explain, interpret and evaluate key themes that emerge from the literature you have been studying.Don't forget also, about the dissertation writing service from Oxbridge Essays, which offers a completely customised sample dissertation from which to model your own work.A common mistake in writing a literature review is to get bogged down in flat descriptions of the content of the many books, journals articles and reports that you have been reading.Thematic analysis will not only demonstrate a genuine engagement with the literature, but provide you with a scaffold on which to build the body of your text.Nothing must make it into your literature review which has not been scrutinised, questioned and dissected.You need to look for themes that several authors mention and discuss the ways the different authorities have tackled them.Your literature review should be as comprehensive as possible, mentioning all the major theorists or writers in the field of your dissertation subject.The need to consult a broad range of material has already been stated, but consider also the validity of the sources you review.In some subject areas classic texts retain their authority for literally thousands of years; cutting edge scientific research will need to be more mindful of the dangers of consulting obsolete data. If you're a new student or writing essays at a lower level where a literature review isn't a usual requirement, the concept of compiling one for a dissertation can be even more daunting.It is a summary of the current writings in the field you are researching and into which your dissertation will eventually fit.