In Africa, Asia, and Latin America, child laborers in artisanal and small-scale gold mines work underground in pits that easily collapse and use toxic mercury to process the gold, risking brain damage and other serious health conditions.We are working to end the worst forms of child labor and to ensure that all children are protected from jobs that interfere with their health, safety, and education.Its national laws as well as its international law obligations demand no less.
In Africa, Asia, and Latin America, child laborers in artisanal and small-scale gold mines work underground in pits that easily collapse and use toxic mercury to process the gold, risking brain damage and other serious health conditions.We are working to end the worst forms of child labor and to ensure that all children are protected from jobs that interfere with their health, safety, and education.Its national laws as well as its international law obligations demand no less.Tags: High School Essay 2010Great Expectation Essay EstellaExample Of A Vision Statement For A Business PlanHamlet Tragic Hero EssayOf Mice And Men Year 10 EssayResearch Papers In Civil EngineeringCritical Essay On Cry The Beloved CountryQuoting Movies In Research Papers100 Great Essays Table Of ContentsNotetaking For A Research Paper
Recent figures for child laborers are not available, but the Afghanistan government’s 2010-2011 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey found that 25 percent of children between the ages of 5 and 14 are involved in child labor, including 27 percent of those between the ages of 5 and 11, and 22 percent of those between the ages of 12 and 14. Rahimullah told Human Rights Watch: My smaller siblings also work. The AIHRC found in the 2013 survey that 29 percent of working children felt the work they did was harmful to their health. Such incidents are numerous in Kabul and in all 34 provinces because people are poor.
Children working in brick kilns represent a stark example of the problem. These jobs include carpet weaving, metal work, and brick making. And children and students have to do all kinds of hard labor to support their family and parents. We have many students who sell gas tanks, work on the streets, and in shops and mechanics’ workshops.
The children were all between the ages of 5 and 16 when we spoke with them.
Human Rights Watch did not pre-select the child workers.
Work induces many children to leave school prematurely.
Only half of Afghanistan’s child laborers attend school.Under the law, children 14 and younger are not allowed to work.In April 2010, Afghanistan ratified both of the key international treaties related to child labor: International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention No.UNICEF-compiled statistics show that only 1 percent of the national budget is allocated to social programs, which fund most of the child protection programs such as shelter, psychosocial support, and legal advice.While a lack of resources represents an important factor in the persistence of child labor in hazardous industries, the Afghan government has also failed to implement its labor laws through inspections of worksites, penalties for violators, and a strategy to end exploitative labor conditions. It’s not just one thing we do; there are a lot of things to do in the brick business – go clear the ground, take the shovel, bring the pickaxe, do this thing, bring me the bucket… Like Rahimullah, many Afghan children work long hours in physically demanding situations. After three to four months of treatment at the International Committee of the Red Cross, he returned to school with a prosthetic arm and leg.A spokesperson for the Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs, Martyrs and the Disabled (the “Labor Ministry”) told Human Rights Watch: “Unfortunately, we have not even had the minimum budget for social support programs.This is mostly because the national budget was mostly spent on security and less on social issues, particularly vulnerable children.” Social support programs such as education, legal advice, and health services can help alleviate the effect of child labor or help transition a child laborer out of a hazardous or abusive situation.182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labor, and Convention No. Despite these domestic laws and international obligations, child labor, including in some of the country’s most hazardous industries, is widespread in Afghanistan.Government officials contend that budgetary constraints and lack of capacity lie behind the government’s inability to enforce labor laws.There are children here, starting from 10 years or 8 years of age to 15 or 16…They wake up at 3 in the morning and work until about evening…