Unfortunately, there are countries where people are suffering from major violations of human rights.
The topics that should be brought up on the issue include many different cultural perspectives of human values, some of them provided below in our list of human rights essay topics.
At any given moment, headlines supply plenty of reasons for skepticism.
Today, the news is full of reports of Rohingya refugees fleeing a campaign of murder, rape, and dispossession in Myanmar; drug users dealing with brutal, state-sponsored vigilantism in the Philippines; and immigrants and minorities facing the wrath of extreme right-wing and populist movements in European countries and the United States.
It is easy to succumb to a sense of despair about the laws and institutions designed to protect human rights.
In 1968, the legal scholar Louis Henkin wrote that “almost all nations observe almost all principles of international law and almost all of their obligations almost all of the time.” Subsequent empirical studies, primarily in the fields of international trade and international environmental law, have confirmed Henkin’s qualified optimism.Does fighting for human rights actually make a difference?Scholars, policymakers, lawyers, and activists have asked that question ever since the contemporary human rights movement emerged after World War II.Many kids around the globe are deprived of their human rights. They miss out on their right to have a shelter and parental care.They are left to look after themselves in the streets.But in the field of international human rights, empirical studies have sometimes led to more pessimistic conclusions.In a 2002 article in , for instance, the legal scholar Oona Hathaway concluded that “although the practices of countries that have ratified human rights treaties are generally better than those of countries that have not, noncompliance with treaty obligations appears common.” Hathaway and others who have analyzed international human rights regimes have generally focused on the efficacy of specific laws, institutions, or methodologies: for example, the number of human rights treaties that a given country has ratified, the existence of domestic legislation that reflects international norms, or the presence of national human rights institutions.But few have stepped back and considered the overall impact of the broader international human rights movement.In her new book, , the political scientist Kathryn Sikkink fills that gap—and the news, she reports, is better than one might fear.Often a violation of one of the rights is linked to a violation of other rights.CAROLINE BETTINGER-LÓPEZ is Professor of Clinical Legal Education and Director of the Human Rights Clinic at the University of Miami School of Law and an Adjunct Senior Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations.