Richard Lessels introduced the term Grand Tour in his 1670 book Voyage to Italy.Additional guidebooks, tour guides, and the tourist industry were developed and grew to meet the needs of the 20-something male and female travellers and their tutors across the European continent.
Richard Lessels introduced the term Grand Tour in his 1670 book Voyage to Italy.Additional guidebooks, tour guides, and the tourist industry were developed and grew to meet the needs of the 20-something male and female travellers and their tutors across the European continent.Tags: Essays On WarCreative Writing PerthResidential Construction Business PlanGeography Homework AnswersChemistry Problem SolvingEddie Aikau EssayTeachers Against Prejudice EssayThesis On Project FailureAddiction' Essay
The young tourists were wealthy A Tourist would not carry much money due to the risk of highway robbers so letters of credit from their London banks were presented at the major cities of the Grand Tour.
Many Tourists spent a great deal of money abroad and due to these expenditures outside of England; some English politicians were very much against the institution of the Grand Tour.
Since the 17th century, a tour to such places was also considered essential for budding artists to understand proper painting and sculpture techniques, though the trappings of the Grand Tour—valets and coachmen, perhaps a cook, certainly a "bear-leader" or scholarly guide—were beyond their reach.
The advent of popular guides, such as the book An Account of Some of the Statues, Bas-Reliefs, Drawings, and Pictures in Italy published in 1722 by Jonathan Richardson and his son Jonathan Richardson the Younger, did much to popularise such trips, and following the artists themselves, the elite considered travel to such centres as necessary rites of passage.
By the mid 18th century, the Grand Tour had become a regular feature of aristocratic education in Central Europe, as well, although it was restricted to the higher nobility.
The tradition declined as enthusiasm for neo-classical culture waned, and with the advent of accessible rail and steamship travel—an era in which Thomas Cook made the "Cook's Tour" of early mass tourism a byword.
For those who made their way across the Alps, Turin was the first Italian City they'd come to and some remained while others simply passed through on their way to Rome or Venice.
Rome was initially the southernmost point they would travel.
For gentlemen, some works of art were essential to demonstrate the breadth and polish they had received from their tour.
In Rome, antiquaries like Thomas Jenkins were also dealers and were able to sell and advise on the purchase of marbles; their price would rise if it were known that the Tourists were interested.