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Students are expected to present a reasoned case for the existence of something.For example: Account for the rise in unemployment shown in the table of data.
How A how question requires the details be explained about how something is achieved or has been stopped or whatever other exercise the question is asking you to perform.
Justify A justify question is asking a student to explain the reasons why or for what reason something is happening or maybe not happening.
Distinguish Asks students to make clear their understanding of similar terms.
For example: Distinguish between normal and supernormal profit.
Assess Asks students to measure and judge the magnitude or quality of something.
Essay Question Words Discuss
Students may offer differing assessments as they present the reasoning for their conclusion.Explain Directs students to describe clearly, make intelligible and give reasons for a concept or idea.For example: Explain why a monopolist may charge different prices to different customers for the same service.A description of the two situations does not on its own meet the requirements of this key term.For example: Compare the effectiveness of demand-side policies to supply-side policies in reducing the level of unemployment.Evaluate Invites students to make an appraisal of a situation.Students should weigh the nature of the evidence available and discuss the convincing aspects of an argument as well as its implications and limitations, and the less convincing elements within an argument.Consider A consider question is asking fro reflections on the different options/alternatives that may exist to resolve / solve / defeat or possibly correct the problem that has been posed.Define When asked to define it is essential that a very clear and correct definition is given of a specific word or concept.For example: Evaluate alternative policies designed to reduce inflation. It is the weighing or measuring of factors followed by an attempt to give relative weight to those factors.Questions that begin "evaluate", "assess", "critically assess", "discuss" or "to what extent" require students to show their skills of evaluation in order to reach the highest achievement levels.