Essays In International Law

The powerful do not wish to be constrained in their ability to respond to threats.Finally, law arises from the community of international legal scholars.Particularly on more technical issues, their expertise is often accepted by political leaders.It derived largely from the Treaty of Versailles, and laid the groundwork for the protection of minority rights.The Permanent Court of International Justice was reconstituted in 1946 as the International Court of Justice (ICJ), which is still in existence.These issues will be taken up after a review of state-oriented courts.States have created an evolving collection of international institutions to facilitate the creation and maintenance of international law.Rules concerning the conduct of war (jus ad bellum and jus in bello) soon emerged, most famously codified in the Geneva Conventions of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.Organizations soon emerged to facilitate the creation of law and to mediate disputes.In addition to ad hoc efforts to enforce international laws, a number of formal courts have been established for that purpose.It can be argued that international law began in 1648 with the Peace of Westphalia, which asserted the sovereign equality of states.

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