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Eventually, he was given a military command and brutally suppressed White Counter-Revolutionaries and bandits.He was also instrumental in conquering his native Georgia, which had declared itself to be independent.
Historians have often argued that the Russian Civil War was won for the Bolsheviks by the revolutionary Leo Trotsky.
This interpretation is now believed to be an exaggeration of Trotsky's role.
However, Trotsky did play a significant role in the Soviet's victory over the White's in the Civil War and was a significant figure in the Communist PARTY and rivaled Lenin in prestige.
Lenin was worried about the influence of Trotsky, and he employed Stalin to build up a base of support for him.
The Bolsheviks skillfully adopted a policy of promising peace and land to the war-weary and starving population.
Their message made them very popular, and in October 1917, they stormed the Winter Place and declared that the Russian Empire was now the Soviet Union.He rose to this unprecedented level of power as a result of his capabilities and his understanding of the workings of the Communist Party.Stalin translated these strengths into total control of the Soviet Union after the Russian Civil War (1917-1920).Stalin was later appointed to the army in Ukraine, and he helped to push back a Polish invasion.However, he was criticized for not routing the Poles and exporting the revolution to that country and elsewhere in Europe.After being placed under surveillance by Russian secret police, the Ohrakan, for his activities, he went underground.He became one of the Bolsheviks' leaders in the Caucasus, organizing paramilitaries, and taking part in a terrorist campaign in the region.Stalin did this but also at the same time, built up a body of supporters that were loyal to him in the Party.In 1921, Stalin was appointed to the position of General Secretary. Stalin created a network of supporters in the Party.Stalin was one of the bloodiest tyrants in world history.He was the absolute ruler of the Soviet Union and later of the Communist bloc in Eastern Europe.