Parents are assisted by the school staff through workshops, seminars and parent education courses or through suggestions from teachers for home learning activities. Primarily, research and materials related to practice included in this review have been conducted or developed after 1980.
Materials that were developed prior to 1980 have been included if they were used as a foundation for later research or program development.
The initial literature review of the current state-of-the-art served two primary purposes: To assist researchers in the refinement of the plan for further research and as part of Studies of Education Reform: Parent and Community Involvement in Education, this review -- in combination with information gained through commissioned papers and a national conference -- provided the basis for fieldwork.
To inform practitioners, policymakers, and other interested parties of the current state-of-the-art in parent and community involvement programs (where available, the review focuses on middle grade populations).
It is worth noting that much research was done prior to 1980 when funding for research was more available. Every attempt was made to include literature and research on middle grade parent and community involvement programs.
However, research and materials are across all grade levels.
an annotated bibliography in which you summarize briefly each article that you have reviewed.
While a summary of the what you have read is contained within the literature review, it goes well beyond merely summarizing professional literature.
I have integrated some other tips within this guide, particularly in suggesting different technology tools that you might want to consider in helping you organize your review.
In the sections from Step 6-9 what I have included is the outline of those steps exactly as described by Galvan.