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Abstracts have always played a crucial role in explaining your study quickly and succinctly to journal editors and researchers and prompting them to read further.But with the ubiquity of online publication databases, writing a compelling abstract is even more important today than it was in the days of bound paper manuscripts.
Each section is quite compact—only a single sentence or two, although there is room for expansion if one element or statement is particularly interesting or compelling.
As the abstract is almost always one long paragraph, the individual sections should naturally merge into one another to create a holistic effect. You should start your abstract by explaining why people should care about this study—why is it significant to your field and perhaps to the wider world?
Be sure to connect this statement closely to your results and not the area of study in general.
Are the results of this study going to shake up the scientific world?
Now you need to discuss you solved or made progress on this problem—how you conducted your research. Avoid using too many vague qualitative terms (e.g, “very,” “small,” “tremendous”) and try to use at least some quantitative terms (i.e., percentages, figures, numbers).
If your study includes your own work or that of your team, describe that here. Save your qualitative language for the conclusion statement.The Structure of the Abstract As mentioned above, the abstract (especially the informative abstract) acts as a surrogate or synopsis of your research paper, doing almost as much work as the thousands of words that follows it in the body.In the hard sciences and most social sciences, the abstract includes the following sections and organizational schema.The best method of determining which abstract type you need to use is to follow the instructions for journal submissions and to read as many other published articles in those journals as possible.As you will read time and again in any article about research writing, you should always closely follow the specific guidelines and requirements indicated—be it for publication in a journal, for consideration at a conference, or even for a class assignment.Abstracts also help readers understand your main argument quickly.Consider these questions as you write your abstract: parts of your study in order to fully explain your paper and research.When it comes to journals specifically, EVERY publisher has a strict way of doing things.Here are some common questions that are usually addressed in their guidelines: Follow the stated rules the first time you submit and to avoid your work being thrown in the “circular file” right off the bat.All abstracts are written with the same essential objective: to give a summary of your study.But there are two basic styles of abstract: descriptive and informative.