Literature Review On Domestic Violence

Literature Review On Domestic Violence-36
Similarly, estimates from the Australian Women's Safety Survey, which strictly focused on the prevalence of physical and sexual violence experienced by women and the nature of this violence, reported that 8% of women have experienced at least one incidence of violence, perpetrated by an intimate partner.These cross–national estimates capture the reported (actual or threatened) violent incidents from crime victim surveys.

Similarly, estimates from the Australian Women's Safety Survey, which strictly focused on the prevalence of physical and sexual violence experienced by women and the nature of this violence, reported that 8% of women have experienced at least one incidence of violence, perpetrated by an intimate partner.These cross–national estimates capture the reported (actual or threatened) violent incidents from crime victim surveys.

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In Canada, 27% of reported violent crime victims are victims of family violence, and similar rates have been documented in the US.

In both countries the number of female victims outnumber the male victims by at least 300% in the context of intimate violence (Statistics Canada, 2004a; Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2000).

There continues to be debate within the research literature, and among practitioners and other members of the violence prevention community, about using official crime statistics versus random surveys as tools for determining the incidence and prevalence of family violence. There is general agreement that family violence is an underreported crime.

There continues to be a lack of information nationally and cross–nationally regarding the likely number of unreported incidents, as well as the extent and trajectory of family violence.

Physiological Factors Research on domestic violence has focused on several areas which are believed to play a role in explaining abusive behavior. (2010) describes a study that calculated physiology factors on a person’s predisposition to aggression in intimate relationships.

The first area discussed is a predisposition to increased heart response to slight agitation. The study looked at physiological reactivity, which is defined as changes to a person’s body brought about by a stimulus.Weldon and Gilchrist (2012) interviewed six male perpetrators serving prison sentences in Scotland.They asked the offenders general questions about their thoughts and feelings in regards to violence.The last nationally conducted survey found that an estimated 16 percent of married Americans experienced domestic violence within the previous year.That means that approximately 8.7 million couples have been affected by domestic violence (Hines, Saudino 2002).In the divorce literature, high–conflict couples are identified as those that require extensive and lengthy court involvement to resolve disputes post–separation.Family violence issues are present in a majority (but not all) of high conflict separations (Jaffe, Austin, & Poisson, 1995; Johnston, 1994).It was something that they were used to and had seen many times.These findings however, did not only apply to intimate relationships, but rather to life in general.The literature review on domestic violence perpetrators: The Select Council on Women’s Issues agreed to the release of this Literature Review, which will support national consultations on perpetrator intervention standards and research priorities.Family violence is considered to be any form of physical, sexual, emotional, or psychological abuse that occurs in the context of family relationships.

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