dedicated his life to the nonviolent struggle for racial equality in the United States. holiday that honors King’s legacy and challenges citizens to engage in volunteer service in their communities.
The third Monday in January marks Martin Luther King Jr. Born on January 15, 1929, to a long line of Baptist ministers, King grew up in Atlanta at a time when Jim Crow laws made segregation and discrimination a daily reality for blacks in the South.
King attended Morehouse College in Atlanta, where he came to view religion as a powerful catalyst for social change.
He received his doctorate from Boston University’s School of Theology before returning to the South, where he served as pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama.
Then, in 1963, King and the SCLC joined a marketing campaign in Birmingham, Alabama, to quit segregation there and to pressure downtown businesses to employ blacks.
non violent protests had been met by way of fireplace-hoses and attack-dogs wielded with the aid of local police.
The institute is also involved with the Liberation Curriculum Initiative and the Gandhi-King Community, both of which use King’s life and ideas to connect social activists around the world working to promote human rights. S., Martin Luther King Day is designated a national day of service.
Americans are urged to celebrate “a day on, not a day off” in honor of King’s commitment to improving the lives of others.
In his turn, King inspired others to change their societies through nonviolent means, from the Solidarity movement’s cracking of Soviet occupation in Poland to Nelson Mandela’s struggle to end apartheid in South Africa.
During the 1963 March on Washington, King declared that all people should be judged not “by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character.” The King Center in Atlanta is a living memorial to King’s vision of a free and equal world dedicated to expanding opportunity, fighting racism and ending all forms of discrimination. Research and Education Institute at Stanford University is home to the King Papers Project, a comprehensive collection of all of King’s speeches, correspondence and other writings.