Nuclear Power has produced more controversy than any other energy technology.
Because nuclear reactors are fueled by, and produce highly radioactive material, the risks they pose are more apparent.
The Chernobyl nuclear disaster (April 26, 1986) is considered the worst nuclear disaster so far, and is followed by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster that took place on March 11, 2011 (both were level 7 events).
These major nuclear accidents have affected the health of many people as also the environment. High Costs with the Nuclear Waste Disposal Disposing nuclear waste is a pretty expensive activity that involves the construction of huge and very secured structures (where the nuclear waste can be deposited permanently).
In certain conditions (nuclear fission reaction), the nucleus of a large atom can be split in two and this way a certain amount of the mass of the atom is converted into pure energy after Einstein’s famous formula E=mc2 (where m is the mass of the atom converted into pure energy and c is the speed of light). is the world’s main producer of electricity from nuclear energy (805 billion k Wh) and is followed by France (384 billion k Wh) and China (210 billion k Wh).
Today, a number of 30 countries operate 449 nuclear reactors to generate electricity, and a number of 60 new nuclear power plants are under construction in 15 countries. The Nuclear Fission Reaction is the first discovered between the two and all the commercial nuclear power plants in operation today are using this type of nuclear reaction to generate electricity and a certain amount of nuclear waste.
The name of the nuclear reactor was EBR-I (Experimental Breeder Reactor I) and was designed to have an electrical output of 200 k W.
Since 1951, many countries have started to build nuclear reactors to generate electricity (and weapons of mass destruction), and the nuclear disasters and radioactive incidents did not delay to appear.
Until we are bound to use only the nuclear fission reaction to generate electricity, we can say that nuclear energy or atomic energy is seen as an energy source that produces dangerous nuclear waste and from time to time nuclear disasters and radioactive incidents.
In the future when technology will allow us to use the nuclear fusion reaction, many of these inconveniences of the nuclear power will be reduced. Relatively Low Operating Costs If the initial costs of building the nuclear power plant are quite high, the power plant will generate later only costs with the enrichment and processing of the nuclear fuel (Uranium), disposing nuclear waste and the maintenance services.