Oxford Essay Crisis

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Second, the intervention was motivated by the wish to prevent the crisis from spilling over to Western European countries, most notably in form of refugee flows, and to stop a more generalized destabilization of the Balkan region.

A third important driver of UN intervention in Bosnia was the wish of UN member states to protect the tremendous investments both material (through humanitarian assistance and peacekeeping) and reputational (diplomatic efforts) the UN had made over the course of the conflict.

Explaining limited UN action (or inaction) A limited response of the UN to a humanitarian crisis, such as UN observer missions, humanitarian assistance, or even complete inaction of the UN, is best explained by the ability of a potential target state to resist outside intervention (e.g., through military capabilities). Military capabilities must be either complemented by a low level of previous UN involvement; or by a relatively low level of human suffering and spill over effect to neighbouring countries.

A few brief examples may help to illustrate how these four factors interact to lead to strong or limited UN action.

UN members wished to protect these investments they saw at stake, should country relapse into civil war.

Finally, former President Laurent Gbagbo and his supporters were too weak to effectively resist outside intervention in in the country.Moreover, the substantial and longstanding involvement of the UN in the country generated an additional institutional dynamic pushing towards intervention.The UN had invested heavily in the resolution of the crisis in Côte d’Ivoire—most notably through peacekeeping and peacebuilding.Access to the complete content on Oxford Reference requires a subscription or purchase.Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.While I agree that attention should be paid to the specificities of each crisis, my research shows that the UN’s response to them is not random but follows remarkably consistent patterns (see Binderexplains whether the United Nations does or does not take strong action (sanctions, ‘robust’ peacekeeping operations, military action) in response to a humanitarian crisis.This explanation has been developed and tested through a systematic comparative analysis of the UN’s response to more than 30 humanitarian crises after the end of the Cold War combined with several in-depth case studies of intervention decisions in the UN Security Council.Please subscribe or login to access full text content.If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.He was a senior executive in BBC TV, and a member of the government’s Annan Committee on the Future of Broadcasting.In the 1980s he wrote the hugely successful comedies Yes Minister and Yes Prime Minister.


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