Problem Solving In Social Work

Problem Solving In Social Work-56
He is caring for their three children, Tyrone (12 years), Carly (9 years) and Omari (3 years).

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Throughout its history, social work has been seen as a problem-solving profession.

In other words, the foundation of social work during the past hundred years has been the traditional problem-solving model, sometimes called a “positivistic”, “deficit” or “medical model” (Berg, 1994; de Jong & Berg, 2002a; Healy, 2005).

This influences the content of the interaction between practitioners and clients.

Practitioners characteristically ask clients to spend significant amounts of time describing who, what, when, where, and why of their problems to gain sufficient information for accurate assessment of the problems.

She reported this to social services, who visited Robert at home to assess his care of the children.

Child protection worker advised Robert on constructive ways of disciplining children but Robert became disputational with child protection worker.This model, rooted in cultural and belief systems, arose in the field of medicine in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and has been the dominant paradigm of practice in the helping profession.In the problem-solving paradigm, the specialist as the “expert” usually designs the solution (Berg & Kelly, 2000, p. The preoccupation with problems, deficits has dominated the attention of social work since its early development and in a way has led to an understanding of families at-risk and in need mainly through what is wrong, absent, or insufficient.This framework emphasizes discovering, affirming, and enhancing the capabilities, interests, knowledge, resources, goals, and objectives of individuals (Cederbaum & –seeking to develop in clients their natural abilities and capabilities.It is based upon the assumption that clients come for help already in possession of various competencies and resources that may be tapped into that will improve their situation (Saleebey, 2006a). 10) defines client’s strengths through three interlinked aspects, called “CPR”.The 1980s was the rising of strengths-based approach, which is now coming to be one of the most influential perspectives in the field of both social work theories and practice.It is an attempt in response to the demand for ending the longstanding conflict between social work values and practice caused by the traditional deficit-focused approach, and also for the search for the essence of social work (Min, 2011, p. This perspective draws on the humanistic approach emphasizing the potential of the individual.In 1989, Weick, Rapp, Sullivan, and Kishardt coined the term “strengths perspective” to address a system in which practitioners recognize the authority and assets a client possesses in the client’s frame of reference to their life story (Eimers).Strengths-based approach was a stance taken to oppose a mental health system (a new model, the strengths-based case management, was developed to deal with the main problems faced in the social work practice when applying the traditional deficit-focused perspective) that overly focused on diagnosis, deficits, labelling, and problems, initially implemented in case management, moving into other areas of social work and the helping professions (Saleebey, 1996: see Manthey, Knowles, Asher, Wahab, 2011).Another aspect of the medical model is the idea that the client’s problem and whatever gives rise to it are objectively real, just an organ malfunction, disease process, and bacteria are objectively real.The generic structure of problem solving is following: first determining the nature of the problem and then intervening.


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