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The format for quotations changes depending on the length of the passage.If it is more than four lines, MLA protocol states formatting the passage as block text, which is never surrounded by quotations marks, APA protocol states to use block text if the passage exceeds 40 words.Book titles are not surrounded by quotation marks, but periodicals (including newspapers) are. In American English, double quotation marks are used first and single quotations marks are used second for a citation within a citation. In British English, all punctuation is placed outside the quotation marks unless it is part of the quoted text.
Note that you should not apply only one of these rules in isolation—combine these techniques to reduce your chances of accidental plagiarism.
*Text in indicates key changes from the source material.
There are “run-in quotes,” and quotes that are separated by block text.
There are quotes within other quotes and different punctuation styles depending on the subject matter, style guide used, and even the country.
Step 1: Read important parts of the source material until you fully understand its meaning.
Step 2: Take some notes and list key terms of source material.Although they can be direct quotes, quotation marks are not used; special typefaces and formats are used instead to call attention to them.Don’t overuse quotation marks—whatever style guide you use, it’s important that they be used correctly but sparingly.Other style guides might have other rules so be sure to check.Epigraphs are inscriptions that are often used on buildings, tombstones, or other objects.Direct Quote: simply a “copy-and-paste” of the original words and/or word order.In all research papers with formatting guidelines (APA, AMA, MLA, etc.), quoted text must be accompanied by quotation marks and in-text citation.The correct use of quotation marks can be confusing for authors, especially those whose primary language is not English (ESL authors).Quotation marks are used to show that the text is taken word for word from another source, to call attention to an important word or phrase, or when using a technical term for the first time.Authors with disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences usually use the American Psychological Association (APA) style guide, and writers in the biological sciences and engineering fields refer to the Council of Science Editors (CSE) handbook.For example, MLA and CMOS use quotation marks around titles of articles within books, but APA does not. “Conflicting Nationalisms: The Voice of the Subaltern in Mahasweta Devi’s Bashai Tudu.” , 128, 285–297. Weinstein, “The Market in Plato’s Republic,” Classical Philology 104 (2009): 440. Evaluation of milk urea nitrogen as a management tool to reduce ammonia emissions from dairy farms. 2011;94(9):4690–4694 There are different rules for using single or double quotations marks. In American English, periods and commas are placed inside quotation marks while other punctuations are placed outside. No, but it stems from the days of typesetting by hand when the printer did not want to have small punctuation sort of hanging off the end of a block of text.