Assimilationists and abolitionists exhibited Wheatley and her poetry as proof that an “uncultivated barbarian from Africa” could be civilized, that enslaved Africans “may be refin’d, and join th’ angelic train” of European civilization and human freedom.Tags: People Hate English EssayStatistics Of HomeworkQuotes On Business PlanningShould Schools Have HomeworkResearch Proposal MemoResearch Papers Great DepressionMit Latex Thesis Class
In the 1880s, Southern segregationists marketed their region as the New South, among them this Methodist bishop and Emory College president.
In his popular book, Haygood eased consciences that the end of Reconstruction meant the end of black rights.
Finley wrote the manifesto for colonization, a cause supported by several American leaders until Lincoln’s failed schemes doomed the movement during the Civil War.“An Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World,” by David Walker (1829)This Boston abolitionist viciously assailed colonization and “Mr.
Jefferson’s arguments” in the first book-length attack on the “inhuman system of slavery” by an African-American.
The New South will be as good for black folk as the old, Haygood declared, as new white Southerners would continue to civilize inferior black folk in their nicely segregated free-labor society.“Race Traits and Tendencies of the American Negro,” by Frederick Hoffman (1896)Better covered than the Plessy v.
Ferguson decision that year, “Race Traits” catapulted this statistician into scientific celebrity.
Hulton Archive/Getty Images (Stowe); Associated Press (Walker); Getty Images North America (Alexander); Atlanta History Center (Mitchell); Bettmann/Corbis/Associated Press Images (Burroughs); Hulton Archive/Getty Images (Jefferson)Many Americans might not know the more polemical side of race writing in our history.
The canon of African-American literature is well established.
It is tempting to think that the influence of those dusty polemics ebbed as the dust accumulated.
But their legacy persists, freshly shaping much of our racial discourse.