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Interpretivism: Interpretivism can be referred as the Social Constructionism in the field of management research. According to this philosophical approach research give importance to their beliefs and value to give adequate justification for a research problem (Easterby- Smith et al. With the help of this philosophical, researchers focus to highlight the real facts and figures according to the research problem. Ontology » Common assumptions that are created to understand the real nature of the society Methodology » Combination of different techniques that are used by the researcher to investigate different situations.
For a dissertation at Master’s level discussion needs to be expanded into 2-3 paragraphs to include justification of your choice for interpretivist approach.
At a Ph D level, on the other hand, discussion of research philosophy can cover several pages and you are expected to discuss the essence of interpretivism by referring to several relevant secondary data sources. (2008) “Qualitative Research in Business & Management” SAGE Publications  Collins, H.
According to this position, researcher’s own beliefs have no value to influence the research study.
The positivism philosophical approach is mainly related with the observations and experiments to collect numeric data (Easter-by-Smith et al 2006).
There are mainly three type of paradigm to understand the reality, Positivism, Interpretivism and realism.
Positivism: The concept of Positivism is directly associated with the idea of objectivism. A Treatise from Researchers to Researchers, 1st Edition.
In this kind of philosophical approach, scientists give their viewpoint to evaluate social world with the help of objectivity in place of subjectivity (Cooper and Schindler 2006).
According to this paradigm, researchers are interested to collect general information and data from a large social sample instead of focusing details of research.
According to the definition given by Gliner and Morgan (2000) “paradigm is a way of thinking about and conducting a research.
It is not strictly a methodology, but more of a philosophy that guides how the research is to be conducted (p.17)”.