Other examples of early drawing are designs that were scratched, carved, or painted on the surfaces of primitive tools. C.) decorated the walls of their temples and tombs with scenes of daily life. Texts written on papyrus (an early form of paper) were illustrated with similar designs in pen and ink.
Nearly all that survives to show the drawing and painting skills of the ancient Greeks are their decorated pottery vases.
Painting and drawing merged in the illustration of Bibles and prayer books produced by monks.
These beautifully decorated manuscripts were hand-lettered on vellum (calfskin), or later, on paper.
As drawing styles changed, so did drawing materials.
The earliest known drawings date from 30,000 to 10,000 B. They were found on the walls of caves in France and Spain.Art students first trained in drawing before going on to painting, sculpture, or architecture.Drawing was used as a tool for the study of nature, which was becoming increasingly important.Paper was not made in Europe until the 1100's, and at first it was expensive and difficult to obtain.Artists sometimes drew on prepared animal skins such as parchment or vellum. For centuries, artists made their preparatory drawings on tablets made of slate, wood, or wax. Some painters made their preparatory drawings directly on the panel or wall that was to be painted. Drawings had another important function during the Middle Ages.These great works of art show the Greeks' ability to draw graceful figures and decorative lines.In the Middle Ages, from about the 400's to the 1400's, art was produced mainly to glorify God and to teach religion.Artists then copied the drawings instead of working directly from live models or from nature.Modern drawing in Europe began in the 1400's in Italy, during the period known as the Renaissance. The production of drawings also increased steadily.Each new style grew out of the style that came before it.This evolution of drawing styles closely parallels the development of painting.