Laertes continues; "By heaven, thy madness shall be paid by weight/ Till our scale turn the beam," Shakespeare uses imagery once again here to establish a picture of an overflowing scale of revenge for Ophelia's madness.
This theme is portrayed through the wealth of imagery provided by Shakespeare, which allows us to engage with the character's thoughts on madness while indicating the prominence of the theme.
Although the threat of war with Norway adds to the urgency of Hamlet's dilemma, for most of the play, this imagery is complex in the way it emphasises that Claudius and Hamlet are engaged in their own war.
To conclude, I think that Shakespeare's use of atmospheric and ingenious imagery to convey central themes such as poison, betrayal, madness and war, are extremely effective.
Shakespeare uses much imagery to describe Hamlet's sadness and suicidal thoughts, as he feels his mother has betrayed, "So excellent a king," Hamlet describes his mother's new obsession: "She would hang on him/ as if increase of appetite had grown/ by what it fed on," Shakespeare uses imagery to emphasise the importance of the theme of betrayal, rather than simply mentioning that Hamlet feels betrayed.
By doing so, we gain an understanding of the magnitude of the theme of betrayal, and recognise its significance.After the Ghost vanishes, Horatio explains that King Hamlet had slain King Fortinbras of Norway in combat and reclaimed land for Denmark.He adds that young Fortinbras, "Of unimproved mettle hot and full," is massing an army to win back the land that King Hamlet had taken.Marcellus also suggests that Denmark has entered into a war economy, "Why such daily cast of brazen cannon / And foreign mart for implements of war," Hamlet, on his way to exile in England, meets a captain in Fortinbras' army.He learns that Fortinbras' army are marching to Poland to regain, "A little patch of ground/That hath no profit in it but the name," Hamlet is fascinated by Fortinbras' willingness to die over something so insignificant, and the encounter prompts Hamlet's final soliloquy, giving us a deeper understanding of Fortinbras and Hamlet, and the theme of war.He first uses imagery of decay to give the reader a feel of the changing atmosphere, as shown by Marcellus in the beginning of the play, "Something is rotten in the state of Denmark," This imagery is furthered in Act I Scene V, where the Ghost details how Claudius introduced a, "Leperous distilment," into his ear, which coursed through, "The natural gates and alleyways," and caused his blood to, "Curd like eager droppings into milk," and his skin to become, "Lazer like," with scales.This almost forensic and complex imagery certainly illustrates the theme of poison, and also sets the plot of the play into motion.These complex patterns of imagery helps deepen our understanding of the characters and establishes major themes.In the play "Hamlet," by William Shakespeare, the main theme is that followed through plans of revenge lead to tragedy.When trying to revenge his father by killing his Uncle, Hamlet accidentally kills Polonius, the father of one of his best friends Laertes.In turn, Laertes wants to revenge his father's death by killing Hamlet.