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When focusing on music, an individual can clear their mind of all other problems, therefore allowing themselves a means of escape. Music offers a non-symbolic contact with reality, it can be classed a holistic.Performing music with other people is a way of achieving a connection at a fundamental level; we become entrained with other individuals when performing by attachment and emotional expression.In a comprehensive study of various books, online journals, videos, documentaries, and case studies there is a significant amount of supporting evidence to be found.
The following is a list of Ph Ds in music therapy undertaken from 1989 onwards, with links to download theses where available.
1989Title: Utilizing music therapy as a mode of treatment for the performance stress of professional musicians Author: Montello, Louise Awarding institution: NYU – The Steinhardt School of Education 1990 Title: A phenomenology of music therapy with the terminally ill Author: Forinash, Michele Awarding institution: NYU – The Steinhardt School of Education 1991Title: To meet and match the moment of hope: transpersonal elements of the guided imagery and music experience Author: Kasayka, Roseann Awarding institution: NYU – The Steinhardt School of Education Title: The roots of music therapy: towards an indigenous research paradigm (Vol I & II)Author: Aigen, Ken Awarding institution: NYU – The Steinhardt School of Education 1992Title: The analysis of therapeutic improvisatory music with people living with the virus HIV and AIDSAuthor: Lee, Colin Andrew Awarding institution: City University Title: Awakening and expanding the self: meaningful moments in the music therapy process as experienced and described by music therapists and music therapy clients Author: Amir, Dorit Supervisor: Hesser, Barbara Awarding institution: NYU – The Steinhardt School of Education Title: Mythopoetic music therapy: a phenomenological investigation into its application with adults Author: Gonzalez, David Awarding institution: NYU – The Steinhardt School of Education 1993Title: A qualitative study of children in crisis: interventions through music therapy and digital music technology Author: Nagler, Joseph Awarding institution: NYU – The Steinhardt School of Education 1994Title: A hermeneutic panel study of music therapy assessment with an emotionally disturbed boy Author: Loewy, Joanne Awarding institution: NYU – The Steinhardt School of Education 1995Title: Singing the songs: a qualitative study of music therapy with individuals having psychiatric illnesses as well as histories of childhood sexual abuse Author: Hammel-Gormley, Amy Awarding institution: NYU – The Steinhardt School of Education 1998Title: Music on their minds: a qualitative study of the effects of using familiar music to stimulate preserved memory function in persons with dementia Author: Tomaino, Concetta Awarding institution: NYU – The Steinhardt School of Education Title: The experience of music therapists in an improvisational therapy group Author: Arnason, Carolyn Awarding institution: NYU – The Steinhardt School of Education Title: Singing my life, playing my self: investigating the use of familiar pre-composed music and unfamiliar improvised music in clinical music therapy with individuals with chronic neurological illness Author: Magee, Wendy L.
Changing friends in the 1990s influenced a change in my person leading to the rave scene and recreational drugs use, through own choice and experiments.
As an individual I understood the risks and was conscious of my limitations.
The following chapter will focus on what Music Therapy is and how it can assist in the cure of Drug (drug being alcohol, smoking and illegal substances) addiction, outline the effects of the addiction and explain how music therapy can act as a holistic therapy to the addiction.
Music Therapy can be classed as clinical approach to cure symptoms of addiction.(Robert K Merton) However, this is a question that has long caused argument and differentiation among medical and behavioural psychologists, the former believing that we are born that way, and the latter that we are shaped by life experiences.In order to explore this question I feel it is important to be subjective, as well as objective, and will therefore for this paragraph alone draw on my own personal experiences.Supervisor: Davidson, Jane Awarding institution: University of Sheffield 1999Title: Music therapy: enhancing communication between family caregivers and their loved ones with dementia Author: Gardner, Carol Awarding institution: NYU – The Steinhardt School of Education Title: Music therapy as discourse and discipline: a study of 'music therapist's dilemma'Author: Ansdell, Gary Awarding institution: City University 2001Title: 'The invisible handshake': an investigation of free musical improvisation as a form of conversation Author: Sutton, Julie Patricia Awarding institution: University of Ulster 2002Title: The restoration of communal experiences during the group music therapy process with non-fluent aphasic patients Author: Ramsey, David W.Supervisor: Hesser, Barbara Awarding institution: NYU - The Steinhardt School of Education 2003Title: Music therapy process with young people who have severe and multiple disabilities Author: Van Colle, Susan Judith Awarding institution: University of Reading Title: Music therapy with children on the autistic spectrum: approaches derived from clinical practice and research Author: Oldfield, Amelia Supervisor: Odell-Miller, Helen Awarding institution: Anglia Ruskin University 2004Title: When words sing and music speaks: a qualitative study of in depth music psychotherapy with adults Author: Austin, Diane Supervisor: Hesser, Barbara Awarding institution: NYU – The Steinhardt School of Education Title: Mindfulness in music therapy clinical improvisation: when the music flows Author: Fidelibus, Joseph F.Experiments have had proved results on an individual`s relaxation, the relaxing of the mind, reduction of pain and symptoms with addiction withdrawal and the normalisation and reduction of respiration rate and breathing.Research has found that music therapy has also been successful with the treatment of cancer, brain injuries, and acute pain.When substances are used excessively for pleasure in society, or an individual uses a substance for reasons that challenge normal behaviour, they are in danger as being labelled a Deviant: junkies, addicts, alcoholics, abusers.There is debate about the causes of such behaviour that can be condensed to the question ‘are we born a deviant, or is it influence from our peers, and from other situational factors around us that make us a deviant? American sociologist Robert K Merton proposes that deviancy is caused by society and peers and not the body chemistry.However on the reverse side, a Music therapist could potentially face the problem that the songs and music they are using with their clients may resemble memories.An example of this could be drug memories if that particular piece of music was part of the setting when using the drugs. So can music therapy be a good alternative for the cure of addiction?