Indeed, the revolution in letter writing of the nineteenth century led to blackmail, frauds, unsolicited mass mailings, and junk mail--problems that remain with us today. Golden is professor of English at Skidmore College."An excellent text, a core addition to community and college library history collections." --The Midwest Book Review" Catherine Golden offers more than a history of nineteenth-century postal reform." "Golden provides a wealth of information about the material culture of the post and about the communications revolution that postal reform initiated.The pupil-teachers were boys and girls of 13 and over. For maths lessons, children used frames with coloured wooden beads, much like an abacus. Children often went home for a meal, then returned for afternoon classes from 2p.m. © Copyright - please read All the materials on these pages are free for homework and classroom use only.
Indeed, the revolution in letter writing of the nineteenth century led to blackmail, frauds, unsolicited mass mailings, and junk mail--problems that remain with us today. Golden is professor of English at Skidmore College.
School logbook (Stretton Handley Primary) Who went to school during the Victorian times?
, the government awarded grants of money to schools.
However, not all these school were free so many could not afford the 'school's pence' each week.
As it was not mandatory to attend school many children still didn't go to school.
This is a stimulating book." --Literature & History"Catherine J.
Victorian Writing Paper
Golden has written a highly readable cultural history of the Penny Post in Posting It: The Victorian Revolution in Letter Writing. The Victorians came up with the idea that all children should go to school, and they checked to make sure the schools were up to scratch too. There were very few schools available for girls, however, until near the end of the Victorian time. They also went to Sunday Schools which were run by churches. Queen Victoria's reign brought many improvements to the education of children, especially for the poor children. Important Dates When did attending school become mandatory? Once a boy turned ten, he went away to Public schools like Eton or Harrow. Poor children went to free charity schools or 'Dame' schools (so called because they were run by women) for young children.They were the first people to ask whether it was right to allow children to work. There they learnt bible stories and were taught to read a little. The Victorians soon realised that it was important for people to be able to read and write and education became more important.They introduced laws saying what you could and could not expect children to do. The Church of England became active in the field and erected 'National Schools' which taught children reading, writing, arithmetic and religion.Not everyone who ran the schools were able to read themselves so the standard of education was not very good.In 1844, Parliament passed a law requiring children working in factories be given six-half-days schooling every week.It goes beyond the standard historical or literary work in that it provides insights into the daily lives and values of Victorians of all classes.As such it makes a significant contribution to Victorian cultural studies.The book is full of information, much of it fascinating, on the post's social and material epiphenomena: "writing desks and manuals, pens and inkwells, the official catalogue of the Great Exhibition of 1851, extant correspondence, pictorial envelopes, valentines, biographies, diaries, periodicals, book illustration, and narrative painting" (p. Before metrication the UK used British Imperial paper sizes, most of which were quickly superseded by the ISO 216 A series paper sizes, however Foolscap Folio, to give it its full name, the most commonly used office writing paper took longer to disappear.