Follow your style guide; if no guidelines are provided, choose a citation format and be consistent.FORMATTING TIPS: In this optional section, you can present nonessential information that further clarifies a point without burdening the body of the paper.
Report new developments in the field, and state how your research fills gaps in the existing research.
Focus on the specific problem you are addressing, along with its possible solutions, and outline the limitations of your study.
Resolve the hypothesis and/or research question you identified in the introduction.
FORMATTING TIPS: Write a brief paragraph giving credit to any institution responsible for funding the study (e.g., through a fellowship or grant) and any individual(s) who contributed to the manuscript (e.g., technical advisors or editors).
Do you have any tables, graphs, or images in your research? Nothing is more frustrating to a reviewer than vague sentences about a variable being significant without any supporting details.
If so, you should become familiar with the rules for referring to tables and figures in your scientific paper. The author guidelines for the journal Nature recommend that the following be included for statistical testing: the name of each statistical analysis, along with its n value; an explanation of why the test was used and what is being compared; and the specific alpha levels and P values for each test.
You can also include a research question, hypothesis, and/or objectives at the end of this section.
FORMATTING TIPS: This is the part of your paper that explains how the research was done.
You've carefully recorded your lab results and compiled a list of relevant sources.
You've even written a draft of your scientific, technical, or medical paper, hoping to get published in a reputable journal.